The Role of ChatGPT in Modern Software Testing

ChatGPT in software testing

In recent years, AI technologies have substantially improved many professions, boosting efficiency and productivity. Among these, OpenAI’s ChatGPT has emerged as a leading tool, leveraging advanced language models to facilitate a wide range of tasks, sometimes exceeding human specialists’ capabilities. Software testing, as an integral part of software development, is no exception. Below, we’ll look at the primary benefits of ChatGPT for testers.

Applications of ChatGPT for Software Testers

Software testers can harness ChatGPT in several ways:

  • Crafting test data sets
  • Drafting text scripts
  • Generating auto-test code
  • Detecting SQL script errors
  • Test design

1. Generating test data

ChatGPT produces diverse test data that assists testers in evaluating software applications. When testers input specific parameters, ChatGPT generates detailed data sets tailored for these assessments. 

Testers also have the flexibility to dictate the volume of data sets they need, from creating individual sets to compiling datasets of a specific size. Moreover, ChatGPT doesn’t merely generate random data sets; it can create them using predefined formats, such as the patterns for mobile phone numbers or email addresses.

2. Test writing

One of ChatGPT’s notable features is its assistance in developing checklists for testing web applications. While the generated checklists or test cases offer fairly general descriptions, they serve as an excellent starting point for testers, particularly when a project lacks comprehensive documentation or demands swift regression testing.

These checklists act as a foundational framework. From there, testers can add to or refine the list depending on the web application’s specific features.

In addition to web application testing, ChatGPT is proficient at generating tests for APIs. Testers input the method in JSON format, and ChatGPT creates a comprehensive list of tests complete with specific parameters, ensuring thorough coverage of the method.

3. Assisting in autotest code generation

ChatGPT is also useful when it comes to working with various programming languages. It enhances the processes of automated code generation, selector creation, and code security assurance.

To automate tests for a website, test automation specialists provide the desired actions in a format that ChatGPT understands. In response, ChatGPT creates either a method template or a complete method tailored to test a specific element, based on the specialist’s preferred programming language and framework.

When it comes to debugging, ChatGPT is a valuable addition to the toolkit of test automation professionals. Many testers have entered their code into ChatGPT and received detailed explanations for code failures. While ChatGPT isn’t perfect and might sometimes miss obvious issues, it offers a useful starting point and insights for troubleshooting code.

4. SQL script handling

Database operations are a crucial part of a tester’s daily responsibilities. ChatGPT not only excels at identifying errors in scripts but also creates them from scratch. It can also build request structures, providing clear guidance on which parameters to use. This guidance helps testers navigate the complexities of SQL queries with ease and precision.

5. Test design

ChatGPT’s capabilities aren’t limited to technical tasks; it can also address analytical issues, especially those related to test design techniques. By specifying the input parameters and choosing a test design technique like pairwise testing or decision tables, testers can leverage ChatGPT. 

With the right structured inputs, ChatGPT efficiently produces tests that adhere to the principles of the chosen test design technique.

Balancing ChatGPT’s Advantages with Realistic Expectations

ChatGPT’s has a range of impressive abilities. But, like any tool, it has its limitations, particularly when tackling analytical tasks related to test creation. As a result, testers need to be diligent and verify their outputs to ensure clarity and accuracy.

While ChatGPT serves as a valuable assistant for testers, users should approach it with a clear understanding of their queries and be prepared to validate its responses. Relying solely on ChatGPT is not advisable

It’s vital to remember that, despite advancements in AI, the analytical reasoning and intuitive understanding of a human tester remain unparalleled and irreplaceable.

Alexander Meshkov

Delivery QA Director at First Line Software

Alexander Meshkov is QA Delivery Director at FLS. Alexander has over 10 years of experience in software testing, organization of the testing process, and test management. A frequent attendee and speaker of diverse testing conferences, actively engages in discussions and keeps up-to-date with the latest trends and advancements in the field.


Ilia Blaer, Director Of Operations at First Line Software

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